RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN PARENTING PRACTICES AND ATTACHMENT STYLES AMONG EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION PUPILS NIGERIA

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RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN PARENTING PRACTICES AND ATTACHMENT STYLES AMONG EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION PUPILS NIGERIA

ABSTRACT

 
The study investigated the relationship between parenting practices and attachment styles of pupils in early childhood education in Kaduna metropolis, Nigeria. The study had nine objectives; nine hypotheses were formulated and tested. The population for the study was 451 early childhood education pupils out of which 83 pupils were studied; 39 males (47%) while  44 females (53 %). Correlation survey was employed in the conduct of the research. The instruments used in collecting data were parenting practices and child attachment style checklists. The attachment style checklist was administered by the research assistants on the sampled pupils while the parenting practices checklist was administered to the parents of the sampled pupils. Pearson Product Moment Correlation (PPMC) was the statistical tool used to analyze the data collected. Results of the analyses indicated significant correlation existed between attachment parenting practice and secure attachment style (p = .003), but there was no significant correlation between attachment parenting practice and ambivalent attachment style (p = .212) as well as between attachment parenting practice and ambivalent attachment style (p
=. 081. Also there was no significant correlation between fosterage and secure attachment style (p =.126) but significant correlation existed between fosterage and ambivalent attachment style (p =.012) and fosterage and avoidant attachment style (p = .015). No significant correlation was found between multiple parenting practice and secure attachment style (p = .822) but significant correlation existed between multiple parenting practice and ambivalent attachment style (p =.002) as well as multiple parenting practice and avoidant attachment style (p = .000). Based on the findings of this study, it was recommended that parents and caregivers should employ best parenting practices like attachment parenting so that the child grows up in secure environment and develop secure attachment style among others.

  • CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION
  • Background to the Study
  • Statement of the Problem
  • Objectives of the Study
  • Research Questions
  • Research Hypotheses
  • Basic Assumptions
  • Significance of the Study
  • Scope and Delimitation
  • CHAPTER TWO: REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE
  • Introduction
  • Conceptual Framework
  • Concept of Parenting Practices
  • Types of Parenting Practices
  • Concept of Attachment Styles
  • Types of Attachment Styles
  • Concept of Early Childhood Education
  • Types of Early Childhood Education
  • Theoretical Framework
  • Theories of Parenting Practices
  • Ferberization Theory
  • Attachment Parenting Theory
  • RIE Theory
  • Theories of Attachment Styles
  • Origin of Attachment Theory
  • Ethological Theory
  • Psycho-social Theory
  • Object Relation Theory
  • Theories of Early Childhood Education
  • Behaviouristic Theory
  • Constructivist Theory
  • Maturationist Theory
  • Review of Empirical Studies
  • Parenting practices and Children‟s attachment styles
  • Summary of Reviewed Literature
    CHAPTER THREE: METHODOLOGY
  • Introduction
  • Research Design
  • Population of the Study
  • Sample and Sampling Techniques
  • Instrumentation
  • Scoring Procedure
  • Validity of Instruments
  • Pilot Testing
  • Reliability
  • Procedure for Data Collection
  • Procedure for Data Analysis
    CHAPTER FOUR: RESULTS AND DISCUSSION
  • Introduction
  • Analysis of Demographic Variables
  • Testing of Hypotheses
  • Summary of Major Findings
  • Discussion
    CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS
  • Introduction
  • Summary
  • Contribution to Knowledge
  • Conclusions
  • Recommendations
  • Suggestion for Further Studies
  • Reference
  • Appendices

 

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